Accessible Math

Making math accessible means providing multiple ways for students to interact with math content, including equations, graphs, and other notation. Below are some of resources developed by the DIAGRAM Center to address issues in accessible math. We continue to focus on math as a core area for development and will add new tools and resources as they become available.

Through a partnership with MathJax and others in the math community, and with the support of Microsoft, DIAGRAM has developed an open source conversion tool that creates both images and alternative descriptions of math equations to help publishing houses and authoring platform providers quickly and easily create math content that is accessible to all readers.

Math Support Finder (MSF)

Math Support Finder (MSF) is an online tool that helps you identify the right combination of technologies needed to read math accessibly. Simply select your favorite tool(s) and access mode(s), then let MSF show you the unique combination of technologies required to read math using braille, audio, or however you prefer. At the CSUN 2016 conference, DIAGRAM staff member Sue-Ann Ma and DIAGRAM community members Sina Bahram, Joshua Hori, Neil Soiffer and Volker Sorge presented on the Math Support Finder tool. You can download their PowerPoint slides here.

Math Support Finder is currently in BETA. We invite you to give it a try as well as share your feedback and additional requests. We are also interested in chatting with partners interested in developing more accessible math reading tools or individual looking to help grow our database of supported setups. Contact us to get involved!

Web-Accessible Virtual Electronic Scratchpad (WAVES)

-Developed by gh, LLC under a grant from the DIAGRAM Center

The original WAVES software is a small Windows application that provides accessible math input and output for blind and visually impaired users. The Web Accessible Virtual Electronic Scratchpad offers a streamlined interface for quick selection of mathematical symbols, voice output for math expressions, and flawless MathML conversion to and from user-inputted math. In early 2014, gh completed work on a major upgrade to WAVES, called JSWAVES (for JavaScript WAVES).

The new JSWAVES update consists of almost entirely new code, duplicating most functions of WAVES, but in a form that doesn’t require anything to be installed on the user’s computer. Instead, JSWAVES can be run in a web browser directly from a website, so any computer with an Internet connection can have access to the tool.”


Accessible Math for Ebooks Using MathML Cloud

July 15, 2015
Presented by: Sanders Kleinfeld, O’Reilly Media and Sue-Ann Ma, Benetech

Tools for Creating Accessible Math

July 18, 2013
Presented by: Geoff Freed, WGBH NCAM; Bryan Gould, WGBH NCAM; Steve Noble, Bridge Multimedia

Digital Accessible Math Images

July 17, 2012
Presented by: Bryan Gould, NCAM


  • Download the Digital Accessible Math Images PowerPoint slide deck.


Ideas that work.The DIAGRAM Center is a Benetech initiative supported by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (Cooperative Agreement #H327B100001). Opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the position of the U.S. Department of Education.


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